What is an architect?
For centuries, people have been in need of suitable structures for shelter, education, culture, health, administration, defense, shopping and to continue their religious activities.
The art of making these structures useful, sturdy and beautiful-looking is called architecture. “Architect” is the person who designs and manages them. Architecture developed according to the living conditions in different parts of the world, economic, technical and cultural formations. In this respect, the structures, which can survive to the present day, provide important information about how people lived in the past and the civilizations they have established with their styles and building materials.
Among famous various architecture firms in London, we inquired about the components of an architectural project. In this blog post, we would like to enlighten you with this information. Let’s see!
The architect starts work after the location of a building is determined, the type is decided and the cost is roughly calculated.
The three most important principles of architecture are robustness, functionality, and beauty.
In this respect, the architect has to consider the type of equipment to be used, climate, environment, and transportation conditions. During their work, they need experts with knowledge and experience in construction techniques. For example, consult with civil engineers about construction methods, planning drawing and materials. The fact that the structure is suitable and sheltered for environmental and climatic conditions should be considered at the design stage.
The projects that give information about the plans, planning drawing, exterior appearance, the proportion of the masses, interior designs and all the details of the building to be constructed are called architectural projects.
All the works that must be considered before starting architectural projects are called the first examination. If we write these into items:
The architect makes the needs program considering the wishes and possibilities related to the project.
Architect, on-site review:
- Checks the suitability of the plot to the diameter.
- Checks the road network, sewerage, electricity and related connections of the land.
- Controls the north direction and landscape status of the plot.
- Controls the trees, wells, pools, cisterns, etc. if any.
- Examines the topographic situation.
- Removes zoning status.
- If the project presents any characteristics (such as factory, production farm, etc.), it receives the necessary information from the experts.
- Examines climate conditions.
- In light of these data, the architect develops a connection diagram using his professional knowledge and skills.
This is the most important working period of the architectural project and these drawings and planning drawing are also called sketches. The rules to be considered when preparing sketches are as follows:
- Sketches are drawn approximately to the freehand squared and sketch papers.
- Plan cross-sections and views are drawn according to the size of the building using 1 / 100-1 / 200 scale, and sitting plans using 1 / 500-1 / 1000 scale.
- Although the wall thickness is slightly different, it is drawn as a single line.
- The opinions of the knowers are taken.
- Information is exchanged with engineers.
- The surrounding architecture is taken into consideration.
- The life, customs, customs, traditions, and customs of the users will be taken into consideration.
- The draft is equipped with symbols such as people, animals, trees and vehicles.
- If necessary, perspective is drawn and the model is prepared.
In this period, the project, which has matured sufficiently with the sketches and found positive in all aspects, is started with the tools. Preliminary project is prepared by finding a suitable solution for a given subject according to the given program and land condition, and drawing the main ideas with a suitable scale (1 / 500,1 / 200,1 / 100) on the paper in the form of floor plan, structure appearance and section drawings and is a project given to the owner. The plans included in the final project are given below:
- Situation Plans
- Plans (floor plans)
- Roof panels
When the preliminary project is handed over to the owner, the owner may like it or may not like it or request a change on it. Likewise, since the works related to the static and plumbing works, which are continuing in parallel with the architectural project works, become more definite as progress, some changes may be seen on the preliminary project due to these issues. Problems are solved in a way that satisfies all concerned. There will be no problem in the project that requires certainty and substantial changes. This project is called “final project 1/ and it is drawn at a 1/50 scale or 1/100 scale according to the building size.
Plans to be included in the final project are:
- Site plans
- Plans (floor plans)
- Roof plans
- Suspended ceiling plan
- Detail list
The aim of all architectural and engineering project works; construction is to ensure that the desired structure is as intended. For this reason, a project is drawn to show all the details and details of the applications to be made, and this project is called the application project. The details and plans to be included in the implementation project are given below.
If the drawings in this section consisting of detail sections are sketched before the plan, section and views, which are the main drawings of the application project, can be obtained more accurately. The details in the list prepared during the final project period are drawn using the scales specified in the same list. In this period; roof details required for construction, staircase, joinery, flooring, wall and ceiling cladding; architectural details of paint whitewash, lighting, heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning devices; dilatation, fixed furniture, and plumbing projects. 1/10 or 1/20 scale. Detail drawings are drawn under 8 titles:
- General system details
- Partial detail systems
- Roof details
- Staircase details
- Joinery details
- Suspended ceiling details
- Wallcovering and paneling details
- Special manufacturing details related to the function of the structure
- Paint and coating details
These are the drawings that are created with specific scales and rules and which make up the parts of the project for the construction of the building. The plans drawn in the application project are also called floor plans. Although the floor plans are drawn on the scale of 1 / 50-1 / 100 considering the size or the size of the building, the most commonly used scale is 1/50. The floor plans are drawn in such a way as to provide any ease to the practitioner during the application. All rooms and individual spaces are numbered in the plans. On the plans, the areas of the individual sections, their dimensions, the type of coatings to be made, the type of paints to be made, the placement of the goods are shown. Floor Plans are drawn under 6 names:
- Basement floor plan
- Ground floor plan
- Normal floor plans (1st floor – 2nd floor… etc.)
- Level/ floor plan
- Drawing floor plan
- Roof plans
The main entrance is the upper floor code ± 0.00 and all different heights are given and at least one of each block must be passed through both stairs and low flooring and at least 2 vertical plans are drawn. It is drawn on a scale of 1/50 or 1/100 depending on the size of the project. When we look at the cross-section plans, we can easily see the necessary heights such as door height, under-window height, window height, in-room wall height.
They are the plans drawn from different fronts with different drawing techniques according to their vertical planes. Views on the door, window, balcony, rain gutters, windowsill bottoms, shield walls, ridge, eaves, and chimneys are coded by drawing. In addition, facade cladding material and colors are written, mobility on the facade is indicated and if necessary, notes are taken.